» Archive for: June, 2014


CapeIt is argued that China’s recent official initiatives to establish special economic zones (SEZs) in Africa may present a new possibility of redirecting the trend of deindustrialization of the continent. The migration of labour-intensive manufacturing activities from China that has begun to suffer from the rising labour shortage may bring forth the hope of activating the Flying geese paradigm to Africa. However, these SEZs have been confronted with various difficulties in playing a catalytic role for local industrial development. While many of these difficulties have emanated from neither the host countries or China, others are coming from the political and cultural elements from the relations. The prospects of African industrialization seems to remain a hopeful thinking as long as these difficulties are to be effectively dealt with.

Date:

From: 01 July 2014 13:00
Till:    01 July 2014 14:00

Room: 4.42

Shigehisa Kasahara is a PhD candidate in Development Studies at the International Institute of Social Studies (ISS) of the Erasmus University of Rotterdam (EUR) in the Netherlands. He retired from the United Nations Conference Trade and Development (UNCTAD) secretariat at the end of May 2013, after having served for the organization nearly 25 years. During the professional career as an economist, he was almost always in the area of research and publication for the organization, such as the flagship publications, the Trade and Development Report, the Economic Development in Africa Report, etc. His professional interests cover a wide range of international political economy: development economics, trade and development, international trade regimes, trade development diplomacy, the role of the state (development policy), regional integration, industrialization, East Asian development (the Flying Geese paradigm), Africa, Least Developed Countries (LDCs), foreign direct investment (FDI), global value chains, institutional history of UNCTAD, etc.

Peter_11Peter van Bergeijk, presented a paper: Methodological Change in Economic Sanction Reconsidered and its Implications at The 14th Jan Tinbergen European Peace Science Conference, annual meeting of the Network of European Peace Scientists (NEPS), on 23rd – 25th of June 2014 at the International Institute of Social Studies. The conference is organized by members of the NEPS Steering Committee, in cooperation with Prof. Mansoob Murshed.

We investigate the influence of case selection and (re)coding for two vintages of a key resource for research on economic sanctions: the Peterson Institute data base reported in Hufbauer et al. (2nd edition in 1990 and 3rd edition in 2007). The Peterson Institute has not reported transparently on these changes. At the level of individual case studies we uncover a tendency to inflate success scores, reclassifying failures into successes even when the evidence for doing so was not convincing. At the level of the aggregated case studies and general methodology (Section 3) we uncovered positive bias (so methodological changes that make it more likely to find sanction success as indicated by a higher success score, either on average or in individual cases): splitting of episodes into cases and the changed definition of sanction contribution increases the success ratio in general and ultimately the share of sanctions that are judged to be a success. We also show the importance of the reclassification of destabilization cases into regime change. Our probit analysis shows that the 3rd edition’s methodology underestimates the contribution of certain sanction characteristics, including the positive impact of the costs of sanctions to the sender, duration of the sanctions and the sender’s companion policies.

AuthorsPeter A.G. Van Bergeijk, Institute of Social Studies (ISS) and Muhammad Shahadat Hossain Siddiquee, University of Dhaka

The NEPS is a network of scholars committed to the advancement of Peace Research in Europe. In line with Peace Science tradition, the NEPS welcomes scholars from an interdisciplinary community from a variety of disciplines such as economics, political science, regional science, mathematics, and history. Since 2000 NEPS holds an annual conference entitled ‘Jan Tinbergen European Peace Science Conference”.

irene van staverenEconomics after the crisis is an introductory textbook to economics from a pluralist and global perspective. This textbook covers key topics in micro and macroeconomics. However, this book differs from other introductory economics textbooks on the market in the perspective it takes, and it incorporates issues that are presently underserved by existing textbooks on the market. This book offers an introduction to economics that takes into account criticisms of the orthodox approach, and which acknowledges the role that this largely Western approach has played in the current global financial and economic crisis.

More con be found here.

Irene van Staveren is professor of pluralist development economics at the Institute of Social Studies (ISS) of Erasmus University Rotterdam.

Professor Van Staveren’s field of research included feminist economics, heterodox economics, pluralist economics and social economics. Specificaly, her field of expertises lie in ethics and economic philosophy.

She is head of the PhD programme and project leader of the online database Indices of Social Development. In addition, Van Staveren is a member of the prestigious Dutch advisory board Raad voor Maatschappelijke Ontwikkeling (transl. Council for Social Development), the think tank Sustainable Finance Lab and she is in the editorial board of the Journal of Economic IssuesReview of Social EconomyFeminist Economics and Economic Thought.

Zaman_NEPSMuhammad Badiuzzaman, EDEM PhD researcher, presented a paper: Conflict and Livelihood Decisions in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh at The 14th Jan Tinbergen European Peace Science Conference, annual meeting of the Network of European Peace Scientists (NEPS), on 23rd -25th of June 2014 at the International Institute of Social Studies. The conference is organized by members of the NEPS Steering Committee, in cooperation with Prof. Mansoob Murshed.

We analyze rural household livelihood and child school enrolment decisions in the post-conflict setting of the Chittagong Hill Tracts region of Bangladesh. The innovation of the paper lies in the fact that we employ information about current subjective perceptions regarding the possibility of violence in the future and past actual experiences of violence to explain household economic decision-making. Preferences are endogenous in line with behavioural economics. Regression results show that heightened subjective perceptions of future violence and past actual experiences of conflict influence current consumption, child enrolment and could encourage risky mixed crop cultivation. The trauma emanating from past experiences combined with current high perceptions of risk of violence may induce bolder and riskier behaviour in line with prospect theories of risk. Furthermore, a post-conflict household-level Phoenix or economic revival factor may be in operation, based partially on greater within group trust.

Authors: Muhammad Badiuzzaman and Syed Mansoob Murshed

The NEPS is a network of scholars committed to the advancement of Peace Research in Europe. In line with Peace Science tradition, the NEPS welcomes scholars from an interdisciplinary community from a variety of disciplines such as economics, political science, regional science, mathematics, and history. Since 2000 NEPS holds an annual conference entitled ‘Jan Tinbergen European Peace Science Conference”.

Zelalem YEDEM PhD researcher Zelalem Yilma Debebe presented a paper entitled “Channels of Impoverishment due to Ill-Health in Rural Ethiopia” at the Nordic Conference on Development Economics held in Helsinki, Finland on the 16th and 17th of June, 2014. The conference is co-organized by Aalto University School of Business and UNU-WIDER in collaboration with the Nordic Network in Development Economics.

This paper uses three years of household level panel data and event history interviews conducted in Ethiopia to analyse the effect of a variety of ill-health measures on household economic outcomes. We begin by examining the immediate effects of ill-health on health expenditure and labor supply, subsequently, we examine household coping responses and finally we examine the effect on household income and consumption. We find substantial financial burden in terms of increased health expenditure and income losses. Households cope by resorting to intra-household labor substitution, hiring wage labour, borrowing and depleting assets. While households are able to maintain food consumption, non-food consumption is not fully protected against certain measures of ill-health. This effect is larger for households with the lowest ability to self-insure. Maintaining current consumption through borrowing and depletion of assets and savings is unlikely to be sustainable and displays the need for interventions that work towards reducing the financial consequences of ill-health.

Authors: Zelalem YilmaAnagaw Mebratie, Robert Sparrow, Marleen Dekker, Getnet Alemu, and Arjun S. Bedi

Lead author: Zelalem Yilma Debebe

 

bg_logoboxThe 14th Jan Tinbergen European Peace Science Conference, annual meeting of the Network of European Peace Scientists (NEPS), will be held on 23rd -25th June 2014 at the International Institute of Social Studies.

This program has been arranged by members of the NEPS Steering Committee, in cooperation with Prof. Mansoob Murshed. Murshed will chair a session besides presenting paper (parallel session 4). He is invited as a panel discussant for launching ceremony of Global Peace Index-2014.

Prof. Bergeijk will chair a session besides presenting paper (parallel session 8). His paper is on “Methodological change in economic sanction reconsidered and its implication” with Muhammad Shahadat Hossain Siddiquee, University of Dhaka.

Ricardo Sousa, EDEM PhD researcher is going to present a paper on “Effect of external interventions in intra-state conflicts in Africa after the end of the cold-war”. He is also working as a research assistant for this conference.

Muhammad Badiuzzaman, EDEM PhD researcher is going to present a paper on “Conflict and livelihood decisions in the Chittagong Hill tracts of Bangladesh”. He is also working as a research assistant for this conference.

Eri Ikeda, EDEM PhD researcher is working as research assistant for this conference.

Details of the programme

Koen VoorendCosta Rica provides a unique setting in the Global South to study the migration-social policy nexus in general, and the globalist claim with regards to human rights agenda’s and migration in particular. First, in relative terms, it is the largest net recipient of migrants in Latin America (UN, 2009), with a migrant ‘stock’ of about 9 percent of the total population in 2011 (INEC, 2011). Second, Costa Rica has a strong state-led social protection system (Martínez Franzoni, 2008), based on principles of solidarity and universalism. Third, this social protection regime has been in deterioration since the 1980s, when the state was left in a weaker position to provide social protection (idem), but especially since 2011 when its emblematic social security and healthcare institution, the Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social (CCSS), entered into a severe financial crisis. Finally, while immigrants’ claim to Costa Rica’s welfare benefits has been a contested issue for long (Sandoval, 2008), more recently voices of welfare chauvinism have surged as especially Nicaraguan immigrants are blamed for the CCSS’s financial hardship (Voorend, 2013; Bonilla-Carrión, 2008).

In this context, this presentation discusses some initial findings of PhD fieldwork for research on Migration and Social Policy in Costa Rica. Specifically, it will discuss policy reactions to migration, perceptions of migration and the perceived legitimacy of claims to welfare resources, and immigrants’ access (on paper and in practice) to Costa Rica’s universal healthcare system, the flagship institution of the country’s social policy regime.

Date:
From: 24 June 2014 13:00
Till:    24 June 2014 14:00

Room: 4.42

Speaker: Koen Voorend

Koen Voorend  holds an MA in Development Studies, Economics of Development, of the Institute of Social Studies (ISS), Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), where he is currently pursuing his doctoral studies. He is fellow of the Settling into Motion program of the  Zeit Foundation in Hamburg, and works as a researcher at the Instituto de Investigaciones Sociales, of the University of Costa Rica. His research is on the relations between migration and social policy, welfare regimes in Latin America and inequality. Recent publications include: ¿Universal o Excluyente? Derechos sociales y control migratorio interno en Costa Rica (CLACSO, 2013); and with Juliana Martínez Franzoni: ‘Who cares in Nicaragua? A care regime in an exclusionary social policy context’ en Razavi, S. (ed.) Seen, heard and counted. Rethinking care in a development context (2012); ‘Actors and ideas behind CCTs in Chile, Costa Rica and El Salvador’ (Global Social Policy, 2011) y, ‘Are coalitions equally important for redistribution in Latin America? The intervening role of welfare regimes’ in Blofield, M. (ed.) The Great Gap. Inequality and the Politics of Redistribution in Latin America (2011).

irene van staveren Irene van Staveren will be awarded the 2014 Thomas Divine Lifetime Achievement Award at the Association for Social Economics meetings in Boston in January 2015.

Named for one of the founding fathers of the Association for Social Economics, the Thomas F. Divine Award is presented annually to an Association member who over a lifetime has made important contributions to social economics and the social economy. The Award takes the form of a bronze medallion with the recipient’s name and date of presentation engraved on the back.  A $1,000 cash stipend is included. The Award is formally presented by the Association at the Presidential Breakfast at the annual meetings.

The Award was presented for the first time in 1986.

More can be found at the ASE/ASSE

Zelalem YLead author ISS (EDEM) PhD researcher Zelalem Yilma Debebe

In mid-2011, the Government of Ethiopia launched a pilot Community-Based Health Insurance (CBHI) scheme in thirteen rural districts. Among others, the aims of the scheme are to increase access to health care and to reduce household vulnerability to unexpected out-of-pocket health expenditure. Against this background the current paper uses three rounds of household survey data collected before and after the introduction of CBHI in pilot and control districts and assesses the impact of the scheme on household consumption, income, indebtedness and livestock holdings. We find that enrolment leads to a 5 percentage point or 16 percent decline in the probability of borrowing and is associated with an increase in household income. There is no evidence that enrolling in the scheme affects consumption or livestock holdings. Our results show that the scheme reduces reliance on harmful and less preferred coping responses, such as borrowing. This paper adds to the relatively small body of work which rigorously evaluates the impact of CBHI schemes on economic welfare.

The paper presented at the Annual Bank Conference on Development Economics, June 2-3 2014, World Bank Headquarter, Washington DC, USA

Authors: Zelalem Yilma, Anagaw Mebratie, Robert Sparrow, Marleen Dekker, Getnet Alemu, and Arjun S. Bedi

MathijaThis paper studies the impact of financial crises on society. Using data on 187 banking crises in 126 countries over the period 1970-2009, I examine the impact of a crisis not only on the economy and the financial sector, but also on health, education, poverty, and gender issues. A wider-angle lens exposes broad-ranging implications for society. For example, in the six years following a crisis, average life expectancy declines by nine months, primary school enrollment drops by 3.5%, and fertility falls by 5.5% (but adolescent fertility rises by 4.5%). I also find a considerable short-run worsening of poverty and income equality, and a lasting 50% increase in outbound refugees and inbound foreign aid. Although output and employment suffer at least as much for developed countries, the social costs of financial crises are much greater for less-developed countries.

Date:
From: 17 June 2014 13:00
Till:    17 June 2014 14:00

Room: 4.42

About the speaker

Mathijs A. van Dijk is professor of finance at Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University (RSM). His research focus is international finance and investments. He has published in leading academic journals such as the Journal of Financial Economics, the Journal of Accounting and Economics, and the Review of Finance.  In 2008, he received a 600,000 euro Vidi-grant from the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) for a five-year research program on ‘liquidity black holes.’  Professor van Dijk has presented his work extensively at international conferences and seminars at academic institutions including, among others, Boston College, Dartmouth, Duke, Harvard, HEC Paris, INSEAD, and UCLA. He is also a frequent speaker at industry events and has written for practitioner-oriented journals such as the Financial Analysts Journal.  Professor van Dijk has been a visiting graduate student at Warwick Business School and Princeton University and a visiting research scholar at the Ohio State University, Duke University, and UCLA. He obtained his MSc in Econometrics (cum laude) from Erasmus University and his PhD in Finance from Maastricht University.


International Institute of Social Studies

Economics of Development (ECD) is a Major in the MA in Development Studies. This blog provides a platform for discussion for researchers, students and others interested in this field of studies. The blog is administered by the ECD teaching team.