Peace economics“Child School Enrollment Decisions, Perceptions and Experiences of Conflict in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh” a paper co-authored by Muhammad Badiuzzaman and Syed Mansoob Murshed has just published by the Peace Science and Public Policy Journal.  This paper aims to analyze rural household livelihood decisions, especially educational investment for future generations, in a post-conflict setting located in the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) region of Bangladesh.

We analyze rural household children’s school enrollment decisions in a post-conflict setting in the Chittagong Hill Tracts region of Bangladesh. The innovation of the paper lies in the fact that we employ information about current subjective perceptions regarding the possibility of violence in the future and past actual experiences of violence to explain household economic decision-making. Preferences are endogenous in line with behavioral economics. Regression results show that heightened subjective perceptions of future violence and past actual experiences of conflict can increase child enrollment.

 

 

One day international workshop on the regional impact of the crisis that investigates the resilience of regions from different angles.

ISS professor Peter van Bergeijk, Steven Brakman from the University of Groningen and Charles van Marrewijk, Xi’an Jiaotong – Liverpool University and Utrecht University organize a one day international workshop on the regional impact of the crisis that investigates the resilience of regions from different angles.

Participation is by invitation only. A selection of articles will be published in special issue of Papers in Regional Science (subject to a regular refereeing procedure; the organizers are guest editors of the special issue).

Date: 30 October 2014

Time: 09:00 – 17:30

Room: 1.31

More information

 

 

ECD RPThis week, the 2013/2014 MA ECD students will present first draft of their research papers. The Economics of Development students will present their preliminary findings in the areas of the two main specialization: Econometric Analysis of Development Policy and the Global Economy. An overview of the research areas in progress are:

The privatisation of markets management in Kampala City and its implications on the informal market vendors (Ruth Abesiga, Uganda)

The effect of trade liberalization policy on food security in Bangladesh (Sabiha Afrin, Bangladesh)

An Investigation of Macroeconomic Determinants and Trends of domestic private investment: evidence from Ethiopia (Esubalew Tadele Agidew , Ethiopia)

The dynamics f inflation in Ethiopia: Empirical Analysis since 1999-2013 G.C. (Habtamu Getnet Altasseb, Ethiopia)

Global Inequality, Global Institutions and Power (Holger Apel, German)

Determinants of food insecurity in Rural Ethiopia (Hiwot Yirgu Astemir, Ethiopia)

Quantitative Easing & Recapitalization Policies of the Federal Reserve: Promises and Outcomes in the Wake of the Great Recession (Julia Buchik, America)

Impacts of Aid or Official Development Assistance (ODA) on Afghanistan Economic Perfomance since 2001 (Mohammad Rahman Fazily, Afghanistan)

Informal Economy, Institutions and Credit Systems in Egypt, Tunisia, ad occupied Palestinian Territories. A case study (Andrea Floridi, Italy)

Determinates of off-farm activities and its income in rural Ethiopia (Tesfaye Yohannes Gagabo, Ethiopia)

Scale and technical efficiency of Ethiopian Commodity Exchange (Solomon Demissie Gizaw, Ethiopia)

Financial development and conflict: a cross-country analysis (Md Rashel Hasan, Bangladesh)

Maternal Education and Child Health in Ethiopia (Kedir Yesuf Hassen, Ethiopia)

An analysis of intra-group economic inequalities among different ethnic groups In Nepal (Bimala Kafle Wagle, Nepal)

Have regulation policy intitiatives implemented by FIFA institutions reinforced processes of labour migration from the global South (periphery) to the Northern (core) countries? (Francesco Mariotti, Italy)

Does the formal economic tie with the South African economy bring economic (benefits) growth to the Namibian economy? (Abigail Vijandjua Nainda, Namibia)

To investigate the effects of exchange rate on the current account balances: comparison of Kenya and Tanzania (Grephas Onyango Ogutu, Kenya)

Integration of ports in global supply chains (Jessica Saat, Netherland)

Payroll tax and employement in Brazil (Clovis Roberto Scherer, Brazil)

Manufacturing sector productivity during times of hyperinflation. A case of Zimbabwe’s manufacturing firms (Puruweti Siyakiya, Zimbabwe)

The effect of foreign aid on domestic private investment growth in the eastern African countries (Dereje Mossie Terefe, Ethiopia)

Assessment of Factors affecting cost control in Rwandan Manufacturing Firms (Carine Uwitonze, Rwanda)

Profile_Picture_2EDEM PhD researcher Binyam Afewerk Demena presented a paper entitled “A Meta-Analysis of FDI and Productivity Spillovers in Developing Countries” at the 8th annual MAER-Net Colloquium held in University of Athens, Greece on September 11-13 2014.  The conference is co-organized by the department of Economics, University of Athens and the Meta-Analysis of Economics Research Network (MEAT-Net). MAER-Net is an international network of scholars who specialize in Meta-analysis. The purpose of the colloquium is to share ideas and methods among meta-analysts and to encourage young scholars to use Meta-analysis.

This study reviews the intra-sectoral heterogeneity of productivity spillovers from FDI in a large sample of developing countries. I investigate publication selection bias, and estimate the true underlying empirical FDI-spillover effects. I collect 1,450 spillover estimates conducted by 93 researchers from 69 empirical studies dealing with 31 developing countries for the period of 1986 to 2013. My results suggest that FDI-spillover effects are tainted with moderate to substantial publication bias. In combination with model misspecifications of the primary studies, the bias overstates the true underlying Meta-effect by about 48 per cent of the actual magnitude of the effect size. Once the biases have been corrected, the Meta-effect in the context of developing countries is economically significant. Most importantly, I find that spillovers and their sign depend systematically on the heterogeneity of method and publication characteristics. Furthermore, empirical work disregarded the argument that spillovers requires analysis of the transmission channels through which they actually occur. It does allow to narrow the heterogeneity nature of spillover estimates. Results are robust for different methods.

Alexander De JuanWhat factors shape the geographical patterns of state-presence and state-capacity? In order to answer this question we go back to early attempts of territorial state-building: we investigate spatio-temporal processes of state penetration and state consolidation in the former colony of German East-Africa. Contrary to previous studies, emphasizing structural and pre-colonial factors, we develop and analyze hypotheses explicitly focusing on the dynamics of three main explanatory variables: accessibility, extraction and acceptance. We test our propositions using an original, geo-referenced grid-cell dataset for the years 1890 to 1909. Information on various dimensions of state presence and the colony’s socio-economic characteristics stems from extensive historical records in German colonial yearbooks and military maps. Our statistical and complementary qualitative analyses show that state expansion has strongly been driven by reactions to instances of violent opposition, as well as by the strategic objective of maximizing territorial coverage.

Date:

From: 25 September 2014 16:00
Till:    25 September 2014 17:00

Room: 4.42

Alexander De Juan is a Research Fellow with the GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies. He holds a Ph.D. in political science from the University of Tübingen (2010). His work on the role of ethnic and religious cleavages as well as on state capacity and violent conflict includes articles in peer-reviewed journals such as Journal of Peace Research (forthcoming), Political Geography (forthcoming) or Conflict Management and Peace Science (2014). From 2008 to 2011 he has worked as a Sector Economist with the German Development Bank (KfW) where he has been in charge of post-war reconstruction projects in South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Mali. He is currently leading three third-party funded projects investigating various historical and contemporary dimensions of the nexus between state-building and political violence.

RicardoThe rector of the International Institute of Social Studies requests the pleasure of your company at the Public Defence of EDEM PhD researcher Mr Ricardo de Sousa.

Chair: Professor dr. Leo de Haan

Promotor: Professor dr. Mansoob Murshed

Promotor: Professor dr. Mohamed Salih

 

Members of the Plenary Doctoral Committee:

Professor dr. Patrick Regan Joan Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies
Professor dr. Scott Gates Peace Research Institute of Oslo and Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Professor dr. Han Dorussen University of Essex
Professor dr. Peter van Bergeijk
Professor dr. Wil Hout

 

Abstract English

Abstract Dutch

 

When: 19 September 2014
Time: 16:00 – 18:00
Venue: Aula B

 

 

RafaelaPolicy usually does not happen the same way in the streets as it is planned to be on paper. Rather than interpreting these differences in terms of mistakes or implementation problems, this study proposes to look at variations as results of inevitable and strategic decisions street level workers take in order to turn paper policy into practice. Paper policy rules, goals and regulations engage with workers’ discretionary territories, where workers exercise their own judgements on both problem definitions and possible solutions. Using a street level bureaucracy approach this study assumes that workers’ discretion has a central role in understanding the processes through which public policies come into grounded existence. However, it challenges the two current explanations of workers’ discretion as determined by unintended spaces in organizational rules (Lipsky 1980) or individual clients’ characteristics (Maynard-Moody and Musheno 2000), by proposing a more integrated and nuanced approach.

To illustrate these processes the research focuses on the field of policies towards so-called problem drugs (crack cocaine and heroin).  Historically, many governments have supported repressive policies involving enforcement of prohibitionist laws, and (only) abstinence models of treatment, aiming at eradicating drugs from society(Marlatt 1998). This public order approach treats drug use as a criminal issue, to be treated with punishment and repression. The global debate on drug policies has expanded to include public health and citizenship rights considerations, which focus on reducing harms caused by drug use and trade rather than expecting to completely ban it.

Amsterdam (in the Netherlands) and Porto Alegre (in Brazil) are offered as interesting cases to analyse how these different approaches are negotiated and decisions are made by street level workers. The research focuses on  social, health and law enforcement State supported workers to analyse the dilemmas workers encounter in their daily interactions with drug users, and how they develop strategies to cope with them. Ethnographic techniques were used to gather testimony and directly observe eighty street level workers from 40 different services in the health, social and law enforcement sectors were interviewed in depth, combined with 800 hours of observation of their activities between February 2010 and March 2011.

The research found workers making strategic decisions through processes of interpretation, comparison and negotiation. Inspired by Foucauldian studies on governmentality (e.g. Dean 2010), the conclusions suggest workers’ decisions are driven by dynamic processes linking their personal perceptions of societal values on drug use, managerial and resource constraints, and relational networking experiences with other workers inside and outside their immediate organizations and users. In these processes, different meanings and practices of public health and public order are continuously created in Amsterdam and Porto Alegre with their very different histories of, and resources for, drug interventions. But there are similarities in the underlying processes patterning how discretion is exercised and the experiences of users caught between care and order.

 The FDS Committee consists of:

Chair Professor dr. Irene van Staveren
Promotor Professor dr. Arjun Bedi 
Promotor, University of Amsterdam Professor dr. Dirk Korf
Co-promotor Dr John Cameron     
Senior External Discussant Professor dr. Tony Evans 
Senior Internal Discussant Professor dr. Des Gasper
PhD Discussant Ms Angelica Maria Ocampo Talero

 

When: 5th September  2014

Time: 13:00 – 15:00

Venue: Room 4.39

 

 

 

Rolph van der HoevenOn the eve of the 65th anniversary of the Dutch development cooperation: time for a party? That remains to be seen: the challenges in the global fight against poverty are still high. It seems time for a radical change: a new agenda for international cooperation. 65 years after the start of the Dutch development the VICE VERSA  look ahead to the major challenges for development in an inspiring evening at the Warehouse the Silent, which they discuss with representatives of research institutions, civil society organizations, entrepreneurs, government officials, politicians and journalists about the future of development.

Including Rolph van der Hoeven (ISS), Jan Pronk, Paul Hoebink, Lau Schulpen (CIDIN), Stefan Verwer (Lokaalmondiaal), Farah Karimi (Oxfam Novib) and Rob Swartbol (DGIS).

During the evening, the book will now what? 65 years of Dutch development cooperation (Verwer, Schulpen & Ruben) are presented. In here, 40 leading experts from the Dutch development world their vision for the future of development cooperation.

This debate is an initiative of the Lokaalmondiaal, in collaboration with the CIDIN, LM Publishers, Oxfam Novib, Partos and Vice Versa.

The debate is part of the Partos Innovation Festival. The entrance fee is 7.50 euros (online sales start September 2).

Date:   02/10/2014

Time:   19:30

Place:   Pakhuis de Zwijger

             Piet Heinkade 179

             Amsterdam

More information can be found

ECD 2014/15 Students

Category: MA students

29 Aug 2014

Congratulation Economics of Development!

ECD logoThe latest number of students of Economics of Development for the 2014/15 academic year is 49, of which 23 male and 26 female from 19 countries. This level is the highest in history of the specialization. The specialization provides students with the theoretical knowledge, policy awareness, and analytical techniques to tackle many of the key issues facing their countries in respect of economic development and economic policy analysis.

     Country                       Male     Female       Students by Country

  1. Bangladeshi            2              0               2
  2. Chinese                  0              1               1
  3. Colombian              0              1               1
  4. Costa Rica              1              0               1
  5. Dutch                     1               0               1
  6. Eritrean                 1               0               1
  7. Ethiopian               1               0               1
  8. German                  1               0               1
  9. Ghanaian               0               1               1
  10. Indian                  2               0               2
  11. Indonesian          10            18             28
  12. Kenyan                 0               0              1
  13. Mexican                1               0              1
  14. Nicaraguan          0               1               1
  15. Russian                1               0              1
  16. Sudanese            1                0              1
  17. Tanzania             2                0              2
  18. Ugandan             0                1              1
  19. Zambian              0               1              1

 

 

papyrakisDr. Elissaios (Eliseos) Papyrakis will be joining the ‘Economics of Development and Emerging Markets’ research group on the 1st of September. He is a development macroeconomist, whose main research interests lie in the intersection of economic growth and environmental issues. His work involves both theoretical and empirical analysis. Much of his research has focused on the long-term economic growth processes of developing economies, in particular with reference to those exporting mineral resources. His ongoing and recent research concerns development issues linked to mineral extraction, gender inequality, ethnic fragmentation, globalisation, disasters risk, climate change, and marine conservation. Much of his research is based on cross-country comparative analysis and he has extensive work experience in the developing world (Ethiopia, Zambia, Kenya, Mozambique, Nigeria, Laos). He has a Ph.D. in Economics from the Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam, an MSc in Economics from the University of Bristol (cum laude) and a BSc in International Economics from the Athens University of Economics and Business. He is also affiliated with the School of International Development of the University of East Anglia.

Matthias RiegerDr. Matthias Rieger is a micro-development economist with interests in experimental economics and applied econometrics. He is joining the ISS as Assistant Professor in Development Economics. Previously he was post-doctoral Max Weber Fellow (training program funded by the European Commission) in Economics at the European University Institute, Florence. He received his PhD in International Economics at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva, in 2013. Matthias is also an academic associate with the Development Impact Evaluation Initiative at the World Bank and has conducted impact evaluations and household surveys in Morocco, the Central African Republic, Cambodia and Burundi. At the ISS, Matthias will work on his research projects on social capital, health and economic development. Papers are forthcoming in international field journals like Economic Development and Cultural Change, Economics and Human Biology, as well as interdisciplinary journals such as The Journals of Gerontology and Feminist EconomicsPersonal website: http://matthiasrieger.weebly.com/

International Institute of Social Studies

Economics of Development (ECD) is a Major in the MA in Development Studies. This blog provides a platform for discussion for researchers, students and others interested in this field of studies. The blog is administered by the ECD teaching team.