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ecpat

The ECPAT office in Bangkok is looking for a Senior Researcher.

ISS alumna who have specialised in Children & Youth studies are especially qualified as the position requires, among other things:

  • Post-graduate degree in human rights, development studies, law, international relations, law or social sciences;
  • Updated knowledge of major international and regional policy, legal and programme frameworks relating to human and social development, child/human rights and child protection-related issues;
  • Experience in working with human rights and social development issues, specifically as these relate to the rights of children and child protection, ideally in the area of sexual abuse and exploitation;
  • Experience and demonstrated capacity of advocating for children’s rights and other social issues internationally and/or regionally;

Please note that the vacancy is still open despite the April deadline stated in the ad.

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The International Institute of Social Studies is looking for a researcher (MA or PhD level) to work on a ESRC/DfID funded research project on ‘Education systems, aspiration and learning in remote rural settings‘.

The position is open for Lao nationals only and is 18 months full-time. The successful applicant will spend about 9 months in Laos conducting ethnographic research in two remote rural settings and the remainder of the time at the ISS in The Hague, the Netherlands. Details about the position can be found HERE.

Note further a fully funded PhD position and two postdoctoral positions with the project but based at Brunel University.

Vacancies!

Category: jobs/interns| research| scholarships

11 Nov 2015

indexSome interesting positions for Children & Youth Studies people: a funded PhD position at the University of Amsterdam (UvA), and two Research Fellow positions in the UK (one at Plymouth University, one at the University of Strathclyde).

The PhD position in Amsterdam is a four year funded position that is part of an NWO-WOTRO funded project entitled Young Burundians tactical agency regarding sexual relations and decision making: From participatory research to evidence-based and practically relevant sexuality education. The successful candidate will be working at the Department of Anthropology and be affiliated to the ‘Health, Care and the Body Programme group‘. S/he will be conducting anthropological research on adolescent sexual and reproductive health and rights in Burundi. Further details can be found HERE.

The two Research Fellow positions are part of an ESRC funded project entitled ‘Here to Stay? Identity, belonging and citizenship among Eastern European settled migrant children in the UK (a decade after EU enlargement)’. The project will focus specifically on Eastern European migrant children who have lived in the UK for at least three years, and compare their everyday lives and sense of cultural and national identity and belonging across Scotland and England. The Research Fellows will work with Dr Daniela Sime, Dr Naomi Tyrrell and Dr Marta Moskal. For further details on the Plymouth based position see HERE, and for the Strathclyde position go HERE.

indexThe University of Dundee is advertising a three year, funded PhD position part of an ESRC-DFID funded research project examining ‘social cash transfers, generational relations and youth poverty trajectories in rural Lesotho and Malawi’.

Details can be found HERE (deadline for applications: 26 October).

 

UNICEF employment (NETI)

Category: jobs/interns

19 Aug 2015

unicef

Please note that UNICEF is recruiting for their NETI programme (New and Emerging Talent Programme).

The advertised positions include things like ‘Social policy officer in Nicaragua’, ‘Monitoring and evaluation officer in Jordan’, ‘Education specialist in Turkey’ and ‘Child protection specialist in Mali’.

UNICEF describes their NETI programme as ‘an entry point for dynamic professionals interested in an international career with UNICEF’. The programme is structured as follows: ‘NETI participants are given an initial one-year work appointment with a three-week Induction at UNICEF’s New York Headquarters (NYHQ). During this three-week period, NETI participants familiarize themselves with UNICEF and meet HQ colleagues from the functional areas in which they will work during their field assignment’

Further details can be found HERE. Please note the 1 September deadline.

Internship

Category: jobs/interns

26 Jun 2015

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Ecpat International is advertising two internship position in the field of child protection and children’s rights.

Ecpat International describes itself as ‘a global network of organisations working together for the elimination of child prostitution, child pornography and the trafficking of children for sexual purposes.’

The two internships are both based in Bangkok. One position is based in the general Ecpat research and policy team (see HERE), and the other one is a legal internship position supporting research and policy work relating to work in Malaysia (see HERE). Both internships come with a small stipend, yet other major costs (like airtickets) come at the expense of the interns.

IMG_3816 - Version 2Guest post by Tamara Megaw, a current student in the ISS Child & Youth Studies in Development Context course and a Social Policy for Development major, responding to a visit to Porta Futuro employment project as part of the recent study trip to Rome, Italy 

On 13 February 2015, ISS Social Policy for Development students attended a panel discussion with the local government of Lazio at Porta Futuro. Porta Futuro is an employment centre offering career counseling and vocational training to young job seekers and labour recruitment services to employers. This centre boasts a new model of client-driven service provision with the goal that “every person can thrive based on their merit” (Porta Futuro, 2015). They claimed that surveying clients, designing key performance indicators to measure improvement, professionalising services and building public-private partnerships helped them deliver services with maximum value-add for clients. This new management approach may have been adopted for pragmatic reasons in a climate of austerity where public services are being pruned back. However it can be criticised for not addressing the causes of youth unemployment related to the economic and political structures (White, 2012, p.11).

The local government of Lazio also discussed the ‘Garanzia Giovani’ (Youth Guarantee) European plan to support active policies of orientation, education, training and job placement for young people who are categorised ‘Not in Education, Employment or Training’ (NEET). The government guarantees Italian young people between 15 and 29 years valid work, further education, apprenticeship or internship within four months after becoming unemployed or exiting from the formal education system (Garanzia Giovani, 2015).

Conventional Italian policies to address unemployment issues were investing more money in the economy to boost employment and passive social policies such as redundancies. The economist on the panel challenged the assumption that people will find jobs once the economy has recovered, arguing that we are facing a long recession and new type of persistent labour insecurity. The 150 billion euros needed for the type of counter-cyclical push required to ‘fix’ the economy is not available from the EU, so the Youth Guarantee is proposed as an alternative solution (Porta Futuro, 2015).

There are 400,000 NEET registered just in the Lazio region and the weakness of the policy is that the number of salaried positions is far from capable of meeting the labour supply. The ILO Report on the Youth Employment Crisis indicates deterioration in the time it takes to obtain a first job, duration of transition to a “standard” job after school or their first job and proportion of young NEET to adult unemployment rate (2012, p.17). The Youth Guarantee’s inadequate response to these problems is to provide training for young people in marketable skills while waiting for a job. This may contribute to the phenomena of “educated unemployment” (Jeffrey, 2009) that marginalises youth. The plan also promotes entrepreneurship through training young people in how to develop their own business projects. This shifts emphasis away from genuine employment generation to forcing young people “to improvise their own survival strategies” (White, 2012, p.11).

The financial crisis from 2007 in Europe has disproportionately affected young people. For example, older generations caused the Greek debt problem but the younger generation must take responsibility for repayment, while being excluded from the type of social security older people enjoyed. This generational imbalance discussed by the panel resonates as a familiar narrative in many countries with a declining welfare state. As stated by ILO “what is needed is a policy framework in which the extension of social protection reduces vulnerabilities and inequalities and improves productivity” (2012, p.28). Youth unemployment will become a growing trend if no policy measures are taken.

References

Garanzia Giovani (2015), ‘Un impresa per il tuo futuro’, Accessed 11 March 2015, http://www.garanziagiovani.gov.it/.

International Labour Office (ILO) (2012), The Youth Unemployment Crisis: Time for Action, International Labour Office, Geneva, Accessed 5 March 2015, http://www.ilo.org/ilc/ILCSessions/101stSession/reports/reports-submitted/WCMS_175421/lang–en/index.htm.

Jeffrey, Craig (2009), ‘Fixing Futures: Educated Unemployment through a North Indian Lens’, Comparative Studies in Society and History, 51:1, pp. 182–211.

Porta Futuro Panel Discussion with the local government of Lazio on ‘Garanzia Giovani’, 13 February 2015, Rome.

White, Ben (2012), ‘Agriculture and the Generation Problem: Rural Youth, Employment and the Future of Farming’, IDS Bulletin, 43:6, Oxford.

 

downloadLeeds University advertises an interesting Research Fellow position to be working on the ‘Uganda strand’ of a research project entitled: ‘Intergenerational Justice, Consumption and Sustainability in Comparative Perspective’.

The position is fixed term from 1 July 2014 to 30 June 2016 and this is the description:

You will be responsible for undertaking fieldwork for the AHRC funded INTERSECTION project, which involves comparative research in Uganda, China, and the UK. The project is a collaboration between the universities of Sheffield and Leeds, and involves academics from Geography (Sheffield and Leeds), Workshop Theatre/School of English and East Asian Studies (Sheffield). You will have particular responsibility for data collection in Uganda, and will be expected to spend up to 9 months in that country, although you will also contribute to wider aspects of project literature review, research design, dissemination and other project activities. You will also make some contributions to fieldwork in the UK to harmonise working practices amongst the team.

The project involves an integrated multi-method approach including narrative interviewing (individual and group), surveys and the use of arts-based methodologies, particularly theatre as a research method. You will engage effectively with the diverse methodologies and participate in theatre based workshops and training, as well as work with local facilitators in Uganda. You will work in an intergenerational context, involving people of diverse ages, and make links with key stakeholders/policy makers.

You will have a PhD or equivalent postdoctoral research experience in a relevant academic field (e.g. Cultural Geography, Sociology, Anthropology, Politics or other relevant field). You will have experience of conducting in-depth qualitative interviews and/or focus groups about sensitive issues, and an ability to execute these in an East African context. Knowledge of Uganda would be an advantage and some knowledge of a Ugandan language extremely useful. You will carry out periods of intense field work in Uganda for up to nine months. You will also be required to carry out occasional evening and/or weekend working, and possibly attend residential national and international conferences and dissemination events.

The University of Leeds’ commitment to women in science has been recognised with a national accolade. The University has received the Athena Swan Bronze Award in recognition of our success in recruiting, retaining and promoting women in Science, Engineering and Technology (SET). The Faculty of Environment are in the process of preparing an application for an Athena Swan award to recognise our commitment and work in these areas.

University Grade 7 (£30,728 – £36,661 p.a.)

Informal enquiries may be made to Dr Robert Vanderbeck, tel +44 (0)113 343 6753, emailr.vanderbeck@leeds.ac.uk<mailto:r.vanderbeck@leeds.ac.uk> or to Professor Jane Plastow, emailj.e.plastow@leeds.ac.uk<mailto:j.e.plastow@leeds.ac.uk>.

Closing Date: 8 June 2014

 

downloadThe Research Group on Sociology of Food at the University of Oviedo (Spain) seeks to expand its research on food and eating practices (see for example HERE) with a specific focus on youth.

For this it welcomes applications from senior researchers to develop a research project on Food, Consumption and Youth. The contract would be for a year and includes a € 42,000 salary and € 9,000 for travel expenses. Call for research proposals ends on 30 March 2014.

Candidates should be able to communicate (almost) fluently in Spanish. Further requirements may be requested from Cecilia Díaz-Méndez at: cecilia@uniovi.es

Los candidatos deberán haber obtenido su doctorado en un plazo de 10 años previos al cierre de la convocatoria. Se exceptúan casos de maternidad (un año por hijo hasta un máximo de tres).

  • Deberán haber completado una estancia postdoctoral en un centro de investigación fuera de España de al menos 24 meses.
  • No pueden haber residido en España, trabajando o estudiando por más de 12 meses en los tres años previos al cierre de la convocatoria.
  • Deberán incorporarse a un proyecto de investigación respaldado por un investigador del centro de investigación en Asturias.

 

downloadIn the coming weeks we will be featuring a number of contributions written by course participants of the MA elective ‘ISS-4235 Young People and Work: Theory, Practice, and Policy‘ (for an early post in this series see HERE).

There are many views on minimum wage regulations for young people and especially on youth rates. The ILO encourages its member-states to implement minimum wage regulations for reducing poverty and ensuring social protection (ILO 2013, p: 35). However some countries have a specific minimum wage for young people, a so-called youth rate, next to a general minimum wage. The Netherlands has taken this exercise yet another step further and has minimum wage regulations by age for young people aged 15 through to 22. It is only at age 23 that young people qualify for the adult-level minimum wage.

In the Netherlands the minimum wage for 15 years is € 2.57 per hour (gross, and calculated on the basis of a 40 hrs workweek) and there is 15%-17% increase for subsequent ages till 23. The minimum wage for adults (23 years and older) stands at € 8.57 per hour – more than three times the minimum wage of 15 year olds.

The Dutch Ministry of Social Affairs & Employment justifies this age-based minimum wage because it considers young workers less trained and experienced; their needs are less than those of adults; and because it is feared that high earnings would make work relatively more attractive compared to education (lecture notes ISS-4234, minimum (w)age session; lecturer Karin Astrid Siegmann).

Age-based minimum wage regulations seem favourable to employers and business persons as it allows them to legally exploit the productivity of young people at relatively low costs. This was illuminated in our visit to Albert Heijn, a large Dutch retailer.

We were told that more than 75% of the employees were employed on the basis of short term, fixed contracts and more than 40% of them belong to the age group of 15-18 years. It is noteworthy that various forms of work were done by adults as well as young people (e.g. work at check-out counters), and that there was no age difference in expectations about the performance of this work. Hence, by employing young people instead of adults Albert Heijn appears to cut its salary expenses with no loss of productivity. A situation made possible by Dutch age-based minimum wage regulations.

FNV, a Dutch trade union, has argued against age-based minimum wages as it views it a form of discrimination. It argues that when young people reach the age of majority (18 in the Netherlands) they should qualify for the adult-based minimum wage. Employer’s organizations in Netherlands argue that such a proposal world lead to an increase in youth unemployment. Such a position appears indeed supported by Canadian research on the abolishment of a youth rate, it found ‘some evidence that abolishing…youth rates significantly lowered employment and work hours of 15- to 16-year-olds’. But it also notes cautiously that there are also ‘questions regarding the interpretations of the results’ (Shannon 2011, p: 629).

Coming from India, I strongly feel that there should be protective tools regulating the labour market especially the employment of young people. This includes minimum wages and decent work conditions. Hence, while there is reason to be critical of age-based minimum wage regulations, not having any (effective) minimum wage for young people might still be a worse situation.

Guest contribution by Pranab K. Chanda (ISS MA in Development Studies, major Social Policy for Development)

 


International Institute of Social Studies

ISS is an international graduate school of policy-oriented critical social science. It brings together students and teachers from the Global South and the North in a European environment.