» Archive for: May, 2012


Just before Bangkok would become the site of Aung San Suu Kyi’s first trip outside her country in more than two decades, the Thai capital welcomed Lady Gaga on Don Mueang Airport. Local news reports claim that fans had come from as far as Hanoi to witness Lady Gaga’s Asian part of her Born This Way Ball concert tour that also touched down in South Korea, Japan, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Philippines, Singapore, but got cancelled in Indonesia after the police refused to issue a permit based on grounds of security concerns following protest from religious groups.

Official ticket prices for the Thai concert ranged from 1,500 to 7,000 Thai Baht, which did not stop more than 50,000 fans from buying a ticket. This made it according to New Mandala the ‘biggest concert held by an international artist [in Thailand] in more than a decade’. Lady Gaga’s global popularity is also evident from topping the Twitter rankings with more than 20 million followers. Tweets from disappointed Indonesian fans following the cancellation of the Jakarta concert show that these followers are found across the globe and reflect a global fan culture.

Over the past two days the Africa-Europe Group for Interdisciplinary Studies (AEGIS) ran a thematic workshop on ‘Children and Migration in Africa’ hosted by SOAS. Kristen Cheney was one of the speakers and presented a paper entitled “Blood Always Finds a Way Home”: AIDS Orphanhood and the transformation of kinship, fosterage, and children’s migration strategies’.

This is the full programme:

AEGIS Thematic Workshop Children and Migration: An Interdisciplinary
Perspective SOAS, London 24-25 May 2012

DAY 1: 22 Russell Square. Room T101
1.30-2.15: Keynote Address
               Benjamin N. Lawrance, Ph.D. Barber B. Conable, Jr. Endowed
Chair of International Studies Rochester Institute of
Technology, Rochester, New York
               ‘Myth, History, and Child Migration in the Atlantic World
of La Amistad’
2.15-3.00: Introductory Roundtable:
               Benjamin N. Lawrance, Jack Lord, Elodie Razy and Marie Rodet
3.00-3.15:  Coffee break
3.15-5.15: Panel 1 – Migrating Children: Between Vulnerability and Agency
                   Robin Chapdelaine, Rutgers, ‘The Codification of
Native Law in an International Context, 1901- 1920s:
Labor, Money Lending and Child Pawnship’
                   Guy Massart, Mindelo Escola Internacional de Arte,
Cape Verde, ‘Childrenąs Mobility in Ghana, the
Revealing Politics of Scales and Depth’ (video).
                   Codou Bop, GREFELS, ‘Cross Border Migration of Malian
Girls Serving as Guides to Beggars in Senegal.’
                   Lindah Mhando, Pennsylvania State University, ‘The
Cinderella Syndrome: Economic Returns, False Hopes and
the Exploitation of Trafficked Senegalese Girls.’
5.15-5.45: Documentary film screening and discussion
                  ‘Coming of Age in Exile: Somali Bantu in Tanzania and
the US’ Directed by Francesca Declich, Urbino
University
 DAY 2: SOAS Main Building. Room 116.
9.00-11.00: Panel 2 – Bringing Up Children: Learning to Be and Becoming a
Migrant in a Changing world
9.00-10.00: Part 1
                    Paolo Gaibazzi, Zentrum Moderner Orient, Berlin,
‘Cultivating an Agrarian Ethos: Upbringing and
Migration in the Upper Gambia Valley’.
                    Paola Porcelli, Paris 8, “I Will Never Become a
Crocodile but I Am Happy if I Eat Enough’. The
Structural Ambivalence of Child Fosterage in Rural
Mali from a Value-Centered Perspective.
10.00-11.00: Part 2
                    Kristen Cheney, International Institute of Social
Studies, The Hague, “Blood Always Finds a Way
Home”: AIDS Orphanhood and the Transformation of
Kinship, Fosterage, and Children’s Migration
Strategies’.
                    Francesca Declich, Urbino University, ‘Children in
exile: agency, traditions and new cultural logics’
11.00-11.15: Coffee break
11.15-13.15: Panel 3 – Education, mobility & immobility
11.15-12.15: Part 1                      Isabelle Denis, Paris Sorbonne,
‘Unfree Children in Mayotta Island (1841-1904)’. Aude Chanson, Paris Denis
Diderot, ‘Migration of Children for Education in Tanganyika’.
12.15-13.15: Part 2
                    Marie Deleigne, Paris Descartes ­ CEPED, ‘Children
Circulation and Schooling in Androy,
Madagascar’.Hannah Hoechner, Oxford, ‘Mobility as a
Contradictory Resource: Peripatetic Qurąanic Students
in Kano, Nigeria’.
13.15-14.00: Lunch
14.00-16.30: Panel 4 – Movement, imagination & making nations
14.00-15.00: Part 1                     Violaine Tisseau, Paris 7,
‘Migration as a Way to Become ‘French’ for Métis Children, Madagascar,
19th-20th century’.
                    Hannah Whittaker, SOAS, ‘Education, Migration and
National Liberation: Mapping the School Days of the
First Sudanese Civil War, 1955-72’.
15.00-16.00: Part 2
                    Jennifer Huynh, Princeton, ‘Reimaging Home: Somali
Nationalism and Representation in the Diaspora’.
                    Oluwole Coker, Obafemi Awoluwo University, ‘Child
Narration as Device for Negotiation for Space and
Identity Formation in Recent Nigerian Migrant
Fiction’
16.00-16.30: General discussion & conclusion
Contact: Marie Rodet mr28@soas.ac.uk

This week the 2011-2012 cohort of Children & Youth Studies participants are presenting their research designs. As the working titles below indicate, the proposed research projects cover a wide range of issues and areas. This includes revisiting, in novel ways, questions about education, employment and marginalisation that have long attracted attention in CYS, but also exploring new terrains such as the role of social media.

Agnes Kyamulabi The Fate of Young Female Graduates in the Labour Market: A Review of the Role of Education in Enabling Accessibility to Formal Employment
Aleisha Holder How Urban Youth Negotiate Life in Trinidad and Tobago? Linking Social Policies and Social Exclusion
Juan Raul Escobar  Who Sets the Agenda in the Social Networks? A Debate about Youth, Political Socialization and Twitter in Colombia
Hani Shehada Egypt Regime Change and Beyond: Dynamics of Social Media, Social Movements and Youth
Chandni Tandon Drop Out of Girls from Upper Primary and Secondary Education: Views and Perspectives of Girls Living in Resettlement/Unauthorized Colonies and Slum Clusters of Delhi
Shipra Saxena  Young South Asian Migrant Women in the UAE –  Vulnerability or Exercise of an Agency?
Pham Do Nam Count Me In: Needs-based Approach on How Young Physically Disabled People Respond to their Sexual Desire in Urban India
Takahiro Hara How does Cambodian Youth Function in the Process of Cultural Reconstruction after a Loss of the Traditional Culture by the Genocidal Regime of Khmer Rouge? A Case Study of the Khmer Traditional Arts

Data on African schools

Category: research

5 May 2012
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UIS REGIONAL DATA RELEASE
Unesco - Institute for statistics
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3 May 2012
School Conditions in Africa
http://hosting.fyleio.com/171/internal/templates/71027/
In African countries, how many schools have potable water, electricity or separate toilets for girls? What is the average class size in primary schools and to what extent do pupils share textbooks? How many teachers are joining and leaving the workforce in countries across the continent each year?
To better evaluate the challenges facing schools in sub-Saharan Africa, the UIS has developed a new regional data collection to monitor progress on education priorities articulated in the African Union’s Second Decade of Education. Learn more about the data, which are presented in an analytical paper and dynamic graphics available on the UIS website.
 
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Call for Papers for a panel on ‘Youth and Rural Transformation

 27th ASEASUK 2012 Conference (http://aseasuk.org.uk/v2/node/221 

Durham, 7-9 September, 2012

Convener: Roy Huijsmans, International Institute of Social Studies (ISS), The Hague, The Netherlands; r.b.huijsmans@gmail.com

‘Youth and Rural Transformation’

Various studies have demonstrated that processes of agrarian transformation often unfold along distinct generational lines in which it tend to be the young who, through their mobility and involvement in non-farm work, contribute in major ways to the transformation of rural spaces (e.g. Rigg and Salamanca, 2011; Ye Jingzhong, 2011; Barney, 2012). Nonetheless, the role of youth in agrarian transformation is often dealt with descriptively, and studies adopting a specific youth or generational perspective remain rare (some notable exceptions include Koning, 1997; Mills, 1999; Robson et al., 2007). This analytical disconnect is surprising because mainstream accounts on ‘agrarian change’ and ‘youth’ appear to have much in common as they both evoke strong transition narratives as for example evident from the 2007 and 2008 World Development Reports on ‘youth’ and ‘agriculture’ respectively. Whilst such transition narratives have been subject to much critique in youth studies and agrarian studies (e.g. Wyn and White, 1997; Li, 2009); also these critique rarely transcend the epistemological divide (e.g. Jeffrey, 2010; White, 2011) and if doing so are often limited to socio-economic dimensions with little attention for socio-cultural spheres. Moreover, despite intellectual critiques of transition narratives their discursive formation appears strong, not in the least since such narratives often correspond closely with popular desires of the young (and their parents) even if these remain out of reach for many (Mills, 1997; Li, 2007).

This panel invites submissions that seek to bridge the epistemological space between studies of rural transformation and youth studies with a focus on Southeast Asia. This may take the form of an empirical, conceptual or theoretical contribution. Possible topics would include, but are not limited to:

  • Theorising the youth question in rural transformation
  • Rural transformation through the lens of generation
  • Rethinking youth transitions in the context of rural transformation
  • Rural youth cultures
  • Rural masculinities and feminities
  • The future of rural youth and farming
  • Rural youth as migrants and stayers
  • Rethinking the household through rural youth
  • The contradictions of rural education
  • Governmentality and rural youth
  • Etc

Abstracts of max 300 words should be submitted by 1 June 2012 to r.b.huijsmans@gmail.com


Sources

Barney, K. (2012). ‘Land, Livelihoods and Remittances: A political ecology of youth outmigration across the Lao-Thai Mekong border’, Critical Asian Studies 44 (1): 57-83.

Jeffrey, C. (2010). Timepass: Youth, class, and the politics of waiting in India. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.

Koning, J. (1997). ‘Generations of Change: A Javanese village in the 1990s.’ PhD Thesis,  Faculteit der Politieke en Sociaal-Culturele Wetenschappen, University of Amsterdam: Amsterdam.

Li, T. M. (2007). The Will to Improve: Governmentality, development, and the practice of politics. Durham: Duke University Press.

Li, T. M. (2009). ‘To Make Live or Let Die? Rural dispossession and the protection of surplus population’, Antipode 41 (1): 66-93.

Mills, M. B. (1997). ‘Contesting the Margins of Modernity: Women, migration, and consumption in Thailand’, American Ethnologist 24 (1): 37-61.

Mills, M. B. (1999). Thai Women in the Global Labor Force: Consuming desires, contested selves. New Brunswick, New Jersey, London: Rutgers University Press.

Rigg, J. and A. Salamanca (2011). ‘Connecting Lives, Living, and Location: Mobilities and spatial signatures in Northeast Thailand, 1982-2009’, Critical Asian Studies 43 (4): 551-575.

Robson, E., R. Panelli and S. Punch, Eds. (2007). Global Perspectives on Rural Childhood and Youth: Young rural lives. New York: Taylor & Francis Group.

White, B. (2011). ‘Who Will Own the Countryside? Dispossession, rural youth and the future of farming’. Valedictory Lecture. The Hague: Institute of Social Studies.

Wyn, J. and R. White (1997). Rethinking Youth. London, Thousand Oaks, New Delhi: Sage Publications.

Ye Jingzhong (2011). ‘Introduction: The issue of left-behind children in the context of China’s modernization’, Journal of Peasant Studies 38 (3): 613-620.

Young Lives - An International Study of Childhood Poverty. We need to end child poverty in order to break the cycle of poverty
 
Young Lives e-newsletter May 2012Young Lives is a unique 15-year study of 12,000 children in 4 countries (Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam) that aims to challenge policymakers to effect change.
 
 
Multidimensionality matters – new book from Young Lives
Childhood Poverty: Multidisciplinary Approaches is the first of a series of 3 books published by Palgrave which will follow the course of the Young Lives study. Topics include the ethics of research, the long-term causes and consequences of childhood poverty, the dynamics of childhood poverty, and the resilience and optimism shown by children and their families. Edited by Jo Boyden and Michael Bourdillon, it offers “unprecedented insights into children’s own experience, perspectives, understanding and aspirations”, according to Frances Stewart, Emeritus Professor of Development Economics and Director of CRISE, University of Oxford. 
 
Latest research and analysisRecently published Young Lives papers include: 

From Nutrition to Aspirations and Self-Efficacy: Gender Bias over Time among Children in Four Countries, Stefan Dercon and Abhijeet Singh, Young Lives Working Paper 71
Young Lives Policy Brief 16, Beyond Orphanhood: Rethinking Vulnerability in Ethiopia
Young Lives Policy Paper 5, Growth, Wealth and Inequality: Evidence from Young Lives
All available online at the Young Lives site.
EventsEducation work showcased at Comparative and International Education Society conference
Date: 22-27 April 2012
Venue: San Juan, Puerto Rico
Tracking Disparities: Who Gets Left Behind?
Date: 7 February 2012
Venue: Lima, Peru

‘Geography of aspiration’ featured in City University seminar
Date: 7 February 2012
Venue: New York, US

Pathways through Early Education seminar at Jamia Millia Islamia, Delhi
Date: 14 January 2012
Venue: New Delhi, India

Other news

Equity for Children talks to Professor Jo Boyden
How policies can provide the best for children was the question put to Professor Jo Boyden, Director of Young Lives, and Professor Alberto Minujin, from Equity for Children and the New School Graduate Program in International Affairs, at an invitation-only event held at the New School, New York, earlier this year. Hear what they have to say on the Equity for Children website. A full account of the day and links to Young Lives presentations can be found on our website.

Please forward this e-newsletter to any colleagues who may be interested in our work. Subscribe to this newsletter by clicking here. If you have any comments or questions about this newsletter, please e-mail us.

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CYS blog

Category: Uncategorized

1 May 2012

The Children & Youth Studies specialisation has now launched its own blog.


International Institute of Social Studies

ISS is an international graduate school of policy-oriented critical social science. It brings together students and teachers from the Global South and the North in a European environment.